Backed-up error estimate
backed-up error estimate
In decision tree pruning one of the issues in deciding whether to prune a branch of the tree is whether the estimated error in classification is greater if the branch is present or pruned. To estimate the error if the branch is present, one takes the estimated errors associated with the children of the branch nodes (which of course must have been previously computed), multiplies them by the estimated frequencies that the current branch will classify data to each child node, and adds up the resulting products. The frequencies are estimated from the numbers of training data instances that are classified as belonging to each child node. This sum is called the backed-up error estimate for the branch node. (The concept of a backed-up error estimate does not make sense for a leaf node.)
See also expected error estimate.